Balloon Powered Single Cylinder Air Engine Toy Train

A balloon powered single cylinder air engine toy train.

Toys

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Attribution

https://www.youmagine.com/designs/single-cylinder-air-engine, https://www.youmagine.com/designs/single-cylinder-air-engine-balloon-powered-rolling-chassis

Description

Balloon Powered Single Cylinder Air Engine Toy Train is a balloon powered toy train engine based on my earlier air engine design (https://www.youmagine.com/designs/single-cylinder-air-engine) and single cylinder air engine rolling chassis design (https://www.youmagine.com/designs/single-cylinder-air-engine-balloon-powered-rolling-chassis). In order to move the increased weight of this design, I added a 4 to 1 (driven to drive) gear reduction. Even with the gear reduction, this vehicle when well tuned can run over 40 feet on a smooth surface, albeit at a much slower speed.

My wife laughed yet again so hard when this toy train engine chugged through the kitchen and into the family room that, well, now there's now quite a few more of them (this time she liked the colors I chose). And yes, it still sounds like a steam engine.

Distance test video is here:

Table top closeup video is here:

Video of the engine giving an iPhone a ride is here:

You will need to purchase 4 "AS568" #219 o-rings (1 5/16" I.D., 1 9/16" O.D, 1/8" section) for the tires and at least 1 "punch balloon" (I found mine at a local party supply store, but they also are available on line).

I probably forgot a file or two or something, so if you have any questions, please feel free to ask.

Designed using Autodesk Fusion 360, sliced using Cura 2.3.1, and printed in PLA on an Ultimaker 2+ Extended and an Ultimaker 3 Extended.

Materials and methods

1) Print, Purchase and Prepare the Parts.

As mentioned in the introduction, you will need to purchase 4 "AS568" #219 o-rings (1 5/16" I.D., 1 9/16" O.D, 1/8" section) for the tires and at least 1 "punch balloon" (I found mine at a local party supply store, but they also are available on line) for the "fuel tank".

I printed my parts on an Ultimaker 2+ Extended and an Ultimaker 3 Extended using .1mm vertical resolution and 100% infill for "Cylinder.stl", "Rod Balloon.stl", "Rod Balloon Coupler", "Rod Balloon Hook", "Journal Crankshaft 4mm 1.stl", "Journal Crankshaft 4mm 2.stl", "Journal Crankshaft 10mm 1.stl", "Journal Crankshaft 10mm2.stl", "Gear Journal Crankshaft 4mm 2.stl" and "Bushing Journal Crankshaft 10mm 1.stl", 20% infill for the remaining parts, and no supports.

This is a precision print and build and as such requires a clean and level build plate (to eliminate warping) and trimming, filing and/or sanding (to remove edge oozing). Prior to assembly, test fit and trim, file, sand, etc. all parts as necessary for smooth movement of moving surfaces, and tight fit for non moving surfaces. Depending on the colors you chose and your printer settings, more or less trimming, filing and/or sanding may be required. Carefully file all edges that contacted the build plate to make absolutely sure that all build plate "ooze" is removed and that all edges are smooth. I used a flat jewelers file and plenty of patience to perform this step.

Study "Assembly.stl", the cad views and photographs carefully noting the locations and positions of the various components as assembly proceeds.

2) Assemble and Test the Air Engine.

Slide "Rod Piston.stl" into "Head Cylinder.stl" noting the orientation of the hole in "Rod Piston.stl".

Press "Piston.stl" onto "Rod Piston.stl" positioning "Piston.stl" exactly 28mm from the end of "Rod Piston.stl". This is the cylinder head assembly.

Slide "Valve.stl" into "Cylinder Center Top Port.stl" noting the orientation of the valve holes. This is the cylinder assembly.

Press the cylinder head assembly onto the cylinder assembly. This is the air engine assembly.

At this point, the valve and piston rod should be easily and smoothly moved in and out of the cylinder. If not, disassemble the air engine assembly and lightly file until they do.

3) Assemble and Test the Crankshaft.

Slide "Journal Crankshaft 10mm 2.stl" into the hole in "Arm Piston.stl" noting the orientation of "Arm Piston.stl".

Press "Journal Crankshaft 10mm 1.stl" onto the octagonal pin on "Journal Crankshaft 10mm 2.stl" noting the orientation of each.

Slide "Journal Crankshaft 4mm 2.stl" into the hole in "Arm Valve.stl" noting the orientation of "Arm Valve.stl".

Press "Journal Crankshaft 4mm 1.stl" onto the octagonal pin on "Journal Crankshaft 4mm 2.stl" noting the orientation of each.

Slide "Journal Crankshaft 4mm 1.stl" into the hole in "Chassis Center.stl".

Press "Journal Crankshaft 10mm 2.stl" onto the octagonal pin on "Journal Crankshaft 4mm1.stl" noting the orientation of the two journals. This is the crankshaft assembly.

Press the air engine assembly into "Chassis Right.stl".

Press the crankshaft assembly into "Chassis Right.stl", noting the orientation of each.

Press "Chassis Left.stl" onto the air engine and crankshaft assemblies.

Slide "Bushing Journal Crankshaft 10mm 1.stl" into the crankshaft hole in "Chassis Right.stl" then press into "Journal Crankshaft 10mm 1.stl".

Slide "Gear Journal Crankshaft 4mm 2.stl" into the crankshaft hole in "Chassis Left.stl" then press into "Journal Crankshaft 4mm 2.stl". This is the chassis assembly.

At this time, the crankshaft should rotate freely with no drag or catching. If it does drag or catch, carefully examine the entire crankshaft making sure it is "true" (meaning all journal surfaces are parallel to each other and the chassis surfaces, and no journal, bushing or gear rotates out of true).

4) Connect the Air Engine to the Crankshaft, then Add the Rear Wheels.

Using "Pin Arm Piston.stl", attach "Arm Piston.stl" to "Rod Piston.stl". Once attached, rotate the crankshaft to ensure no drag or catching occurs. If it does drag or catch, the air engine piston chain (includes the parts "Rod Piston.stl", "Head Cylinder.stl", "Piston.stl" and "Cylinder.stl") needs to be carefully filed until no drag or catch occurs.

Using "Pin Arm Valve.stl", attach "Arm Valve.stl" to "Valve.stl". Once attached, rotate the crankshaft to ensure no drag or catching occurs. If it does drag or catch, the air engine valve chain (includes the parts "Valve.stl", "Head Cylinder.stl" and "Cylinder.stl") needs to be carefully filed until no drag or catch occurs.

Place o-rings onto "Wheel Left Rear.stl" and "Wheel Right Rear.stl", then slide "Wheel Left Rear.stl" into the rear axle holes in the chassis assembly from the left (gear) side of the chassis assembly.

Press "Wheel Right Rear.stl" onto the octagonal pin on "Wheel Left Rear.stl". The wheels should rotate freely with no drag or catching. If they do drag or catch, check both "Gear Journal Crankshaft 4mm 2.stl" and the gear on "Wheel Left Rear.stl" for build plate ooze or extraneous filament.

With no drag or catch occurring, you should be able to blow into the top port of the air engine, give the rear wheels a nudge, and the air engine, crankshaft and rear wheels should all move with ease.

5) Final Assembly.

Place o-rings onto "Wheel Left Front.stl" and "Wheel Right Front.stl", then slide "Wheel Left Front.stl" into the front axle holes in the chassis assembly from the left side of the chassis assembly.

Press "Wheel Right Front.stl" onto the octagonal pin on "Wheel Left Front.stl". The wheels should rotate freely with no drag or catching.

Place "Air Engine Cover.stl" in position on the chassis assembly.

Press "Nose.stl" onto the "Air Engine Cover.stl" and the chassis assembly.

Press "Top.stl" into position on the chassis assembly.

Press "Adapter Balloon.stl" into the air engine port.

Press one "Rod Balloon Coupler.stl" onto one end of a "Rod Balloon.stl". Press the second "Rod Balloon Coupler.stl" onto the remaining end of "Rod Balloon.stl". Press the two remaining "Rod Balloon.stl" into the remaining ends of the two "Rod Balloon Coupler.stl". Press "Rod Balloon Hook.stl" onto one of the remaining ends of the balloon rod assembly. Press the balloon rod assembly into the small square hole in "Top.stl".

Hook the punch balloon onto the balloon rod assembly hook. Place the balloon open end onto the balloon adapter.

To run the engine, I use "Adapter Balloon.stl" as a mouth piece to inflate the punch balloon, after inflating I press my thumb onto the balloon end of the adapter to seal the air, then press the adapter into the air engine upper port and off it goes!

Congratulations, you're done!

Hope you like it!

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Mini lora and iGreg Zumwalt commented ago

@nanosmith

Your print of this model is gorgeous, but I'm very sorry your air engine didn't power the vehicle as designed.

I will revisit this design for the dual mode spring motor as soon as I can.

Again, I am truly sorry your air engine did not power the vehicle.

Greg

7b1b0b23e999909b3a3d9adeaa0f376e?default=blank&size=40nanosmith printed this ago
Carousel thumb img 1950
Printed on:
original prusa i3 MK2
Result:
Great print!
Feedback:
Air power mechanism prints fine but didn't really have much power to go; In the end I just removed a couple of pushrods so the wheels spin freely. Can you please make the train into a dual mode windup like your race car? My daughter LOVES the train!!! Thanks so much it's been a huge success as a birthday present.
Bd25d8401e87bf9270a372f4b88a4308?default=blank&size=40John4076 added this to the Stuff n junk collection ago
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84b0705343d374c365e96cc471ebe4e2?default=blank&size=40Alexander added this to the Toy car collection ago
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Mini lora and iGreg Zumwalt published this design ago