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Bondtech Extruder

I have been involved into 3D printing for the last 2 years and one of the biggest problems are related to the material feeding. Todays extruders that uses one driven wheel with a spring loaded bearing that pushes the filament against the drive wheel. 

This method has some disadvantages as

- Low pushing force
- Risk of grinding the filament that leads to a failed print
- Slipping that leads to underextrusion
- Deforming the filament that leads to increased friction in the bowden tube.

The new Bondtech extruder uses 2 drive wheels that are equipped with sharp teeths that grab the filament on both sides wich gives a lot of advantages over the standard extruders. Some of the most important ones are the following.

- Huge pushing power that elliminates the risk of under extrusion, tests have
  verified that it is over 9 kg with a 1.75 mm filament.
- Minimal risk for filament grinding
- Possible to go high speed due to the big the pushing power, tests have been
  made with 250 mm/s printing with 0.4 mm nozzle and with no filament grinds.
- Possible to go with small nozzles 
- High torque Nema17 stepper with a high precison planetary gearbox gives
  high resolution and fast retracts.
- Adjustable secondary drive wheel to optimize grip.
- Easy access to drive wheels for cleaning

A walkthrough of the design by Eric Lien:

The extruder in action:

In a few weeks time I will be able to provide kits with the metal parts and also professional 3D printed SLS parts for the housing components. The current version supports only 1.75 mm filament but a 3.0 mm version are in development.

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