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B2D Extruder - Strong and Silent Bowden Extruder
Belted Dual Drive Extruder3D printer parts and enhancements
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Commercial use is not allowed, you must attribute the creator, you may remix this work and the remixed work should be made available under this license.
- B2D stands for "Belted Dual Drive". It's a bowden style extruder that has extra grip to filament and is hardly audible during retraction.
- Dual drive gear for improved grip, and prevent grinding filament. Frequent retraction is more reliable
- Belt driven motion hardly generate any noise itself during retraction. The only noise left from extruder would come from the stepper motor vibrating the frame of printer
- 3:1 gear ratio to increase torque
- Adjustable compression of a strong spring
- Modular parts for different combination of drive gear, filament and bowden tube
- The bowden connector can slide for 3.5mm. Any diameter of drive gear between 7-12mm is applicable
- Quick changeable drive gears. Can use large gear with slower motor speed for silent operation, and small gears with more torque for super fast extrusion rate.
- Operation video recording at:
- Drive force test with E3D Hobb-Goblin gears, max of 9-10kg (max spring compression. NEMA17 48mm long with 0.55N.m torque, rated current of 1.5A running at 1.25A) at:
- 26/05/2017 - v2 update. Slightly reduced tension of the belt. Raised the parts that could interfere with set crews which sticks out from the drive gear.
- 23/08/2017 - New stronger base plate.
- 20/09/2017 - Fixed the Bowden connector for 2.85 being too tight. Adjustable tension for the v3 base plates.
Materials and methods
- The dimensions in the model are optimised for printing at 0.2mm layer height. Printing at other layer heights such as 0.24 or 0.15 would cause Z dimension inaccuracy.
- Print the 48 teeth pulley at 0.1mm height with extremely slow outer wall speed (under 10mm/s). Use glossy material instead of matte.
- Retract at all times while printing the frames. Otherwise the filament will ooze during travel and cause under extrusion at perimeters.
- No support needed for the three frames and bearing holder.
- Print top and base plate of frame at 100% infill. The compression spring apply massive force to the left side of top plate. Make sure it's rigid.
- Rub the cylinder pin on hard surface such as concrete or stone to turn it into a D shaft
- For Ultimaker 2, add a piece of 1mm silicon sheet between the motor and frame. This will reduce the retraction noise of motor vibrating frame
Belts & Pulleys
1 x GT2 6mm Socket Pulley 48 Teeth (printed)
1 x GT2 6mm/10mm Pulley 5mm Bore 16 Teeth
3 x GT2 6mm Pulley 5mm Bore 20 Teeth - 16x16mm, M4 set screw
2 x GT2 6mm Belt 65 teeth - 130mm
Bolts & Nuts
2 x M3x16 Flanged Button Head Allen Bolt
5 x M3x12 Flanged Button Head Allen Bolt
4 x M3x30 (Flanged) Button Head Allen Bolt
1 x M3x20 (Flanged) Button Head Allen Bolt
2 x M3x12 Countersunk Socket Allen Bolt
6 X M3 Standard Hex Nut
2 x M4x10 Button Head Allen Bolt
2 x M4x10 Grub Screw Socket Set Flat Point - DIN 916
2 x M4 Standard Hex Nut
1 x M6x16 Countersunk Socket Allen Bolt - DIN 7991
1 x M6 Square Nut - DIN 562
2 x Gear Drive - stright teeth gear for 1.75, Ultimaker gear for 2.85/3.0
2 x Cylinder Pin 5x45
1 x Cylinder Pin 5x30
6 x Bearing 605ZZ 5x14x5
2 x Bearing 624ZZ 4x13x5
1 x Ultimaker 2 Bed Compression Spring 7x9.4x1.2 16mm
1 x 1mm thick Silicone sheet - larger than 42x42mm (optional)
1 x 1.8° NEMA17 Stepper Motor - D Shaft of 5x24mm (optional)
1 x PTFE Bowden Fitting